Article - History of Thoothoor Area
Dr. Albaris J Thoothoor is the author of this article.
This is the research paper by Dr. Albaris J Thoothoor, about Thoothoor region gives a clear picture of this place and it's background. Dr. Albaris works as a Reader in History, Alagappa Govt. Arts College, Karaikudi, T.N-India.
History of Thoothoor Area
"Thoothoor, a coastal village is situated
in the Arabian Sea coast. It is the
headquarter of Thoothoor panchayat, consisting
of five villages, namely Thoothoor,
Poothurai and Erayumanthurai.
This article is mainly about Thoothoor village alone (@1).
Thoothoor is geographically located in Vilavancode
Taluk, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu
It is located 45 Kilometers, west of Nagercoil,
the headquarter of Kanyakumari District
and 40 Kilometers southeast of Thiruvananthapuram,
the capital of Kerala State. The nearest
airport is Thiruvananthapuram and railway
station is Parassala or Kulitturai.
Thoothoor is almost exclusively a fishing
village, eventhough a little group of people
are involved in agriculture, especially
in coconut plantation, besides their primary
occupation and other professions. The fishing
operation in this village is more often
restricted to a coastline of about one-Kilometer
length. Its total population is about
6000. This village is bounded in the north
by the A.V.M Canal [Anantha Victoria
Marthanda], south by the Arabian Sea,
east by Poothurai village and west
by Chinnathurai village. But most
of the educated people of this village are
settled at the north of Thoothoor Panchayat
upto a length of about 500 meters. Recently
the Tamil Nadu Government has constructed
a Housing Colony namely St. Thomas Colony
in this zone. Those who are settled in
the above zone also consider themselves
part and parcel of the village of Thoothoor.
As per the Government demarcation, this
zone is part of Ezhudesam Town Panchayat.
But this zone must be merged with this village.
For the educational uplift of this village
we have St. Judes College,
Thoothoor which is managed by Latin Catholic
Fishermen Educational Development Society,
Thoothoor and it is affiliated to Manonmaniam
Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. Pius
XI Higher Secondary School, Thoothoor
which is managed by St. Thomas Forane Church
Parish, Thoothoor and Pius XI Primary
School, Thoothoor, managed by St. Annes
Sisters, Thiruchirapally through St. Ritas
Convent, Thoothoor to play a vital role
for the cause of education. The Government
Primary School, Thoothoor also provides
education to the poor. Other than the above
educational institutions, Infant Jesus
Matriculation School, manned by St.
Judes College, Thoothoor and Canossa
Pre Primary School, Thoothoor
manned by Canossa Convent, Thoothoor are
doing educational service for the educational
uplift of this village.
The educational institutions mentioned
above are doing wonderful services for the
educational wellbeing of not only
Thoothoor but also a number of nearby villages.
The literacy rate of this village
is higher compared to that of the neighbouring
villages. After the establishment of St.
Judes College at Thoothoor, the importance
of education was very well realised by the
people of this village. In the fields of
Research, Computer, Engineering, Medicine,
Technology, Teaching, Arts, Science, Marine
Engineering and etc., the sons of this
soil are doing wonders. A good number
of people from this village are also working
in the Gulf countries in the fields
of Production, Management, Computer, Engineering
and Fishing, In the U.A.E. the employees
from Thoothoor have got an association,
viz. Thoothoor Welfare Association(TWA),
which works for the welfare of Thoothoor
The Government Primary Health Centre,
Thoothoor, Sub-Post Office, Thoothoor,
F4 Police Station, Nithiravilai at
Thoothoor and State Bank of Travancore,
Thoothor are the other institutions doing
commendable service for the welfare of this
village. Netaji Library and Sports Club[NLT],
Jancy Rani Library for Women[JRLT],
Thiruvananthapuram Social Service Society
[T.S.S.S.] Unit, Kottar Social Service
Society [K.S.S.S.] Unit, Fathima
Mahalir Mandram[F.M.M.], Kerala Catholic
Youth Movement [K.C.Y.M.] Unit, Society
of St. Vincent De Paul Conferences etc.
are doing tremendous and meritorious service
for the well - being of Thoothoor village.
The Catholic Church plays a conspicuous
role in the day-to-day life of the fishermen
of Thoothoor village. The conversion of the
Hindu fishermen of this village may be traced
back not later than to A.D. 1544. It
was due to the indefatigable endeavours of
St. Francis Xavier who converted on
December 1544, 10000 Mukkuva fishermen
living in thirteen villages along the coast
from Pallam to Poovar, such as Poovar,
Kollencode, Vallavilai, Thoothoor, Poothurai,
Thengapattanam, Enayam, Midalam, Vaniyakudy,
Colachel, Kadiapattanam, Muttom and Pallam.
Immediately after their conversion by St.
Francis Xavier, they pulled down their Hindu
temple and idols, built earlier. In such places
a cross was erected and then thatches were
made for worship. In due course, they were
converted into churches (@3).
In 1600, the Thoothoor Parish Church was brought under the Padroado (@4). Subsequently this Parish came under
the Diocese of Cochin. In 1838, St. Thomas Church, Thoothoor and other adjacent
coastal Churches from Pallithura to Erayumanthurai were brought under the
Diocese of Varapuzha (@5).
It led to Padroado - Propaganda dispute to a crucial stage. Ultimately again
St. Thomas Church, Thoothoor was brought under the Diocese of Cochin with its
revival in 1850.
The Diocese of Thiruvananthapuram was founded on 1st July 1937. But only in 1952 all the coastal Churches from Pallithura to Erayumanthurai were added to Thiruvananthapuram Diocese. Thus at present Thoothoor Parish Church is one of the Foranate Churches of Thiruvananthapuram Diocese.
All the people who live within the boundary of Thoothoor village are Latin Catholic Mukkuvas. They owe allegiance to the Church. The Church intervenes and dominates in the socio-economic life of the people. The Church authorities, namely the Parish Pastoral Council makes compulsory collection upto 5% of the income from the people. This income is spent for maintaining and improving the church building, parochial house, St. Thomas Community Hall, Pius XI Higher Secondary School, and is giving salary to the Parish Priest and Kanakkapillai. It is also spent for the celebration of Church festivals. The Parish revenue was not properly accounted and spent for a long time. But how, youngsters of this village have taken active role in the parish administration.
Fishing is the primary occupation of
this people. This occupation evolved as a chief economic activity during the
heyday of the Indus Valley Civilization. It preceded even agriculture and farming.
The fishermen of Thoothoor village are specialised in shark catch, using traditional methods. Mechanised boats and long lining are used for shark catch. They stay in sea for 5 to 20 days consecutively. For shark catch, they go up to Porbandar, Veravel, Mumbai, Ratnagiri, Gareware, Goa, Mangalore, Kochi, Neendakara, Vizhinjam, Kanyakumari, Chennai, Vishagapattanam, Paradeep and so on. A very few fishermen from this village go to Gulf countries and specialise in shark catch. Thoothoor fishermen in lieu of their
shark catching techniques are known all over the world. The bye-products of
shark are shark fin, shark flesh, shark liver oil and shark teeth. From this village,
about 150 boats are engaged in shark fishing. Such a peculiar type of fishing
is the speciality of the fishermen of Thoothoor. From a very backward village like this,
the fishermen by their hardwork, skill, adventurous nature and dedication have come
up to this stage. Though there are many odds, they move positively aiming at a better
future. When a study was made by the editor of Business India, Mr. K.G. Kumar in 1994, he stated, Thoothoor is thus no ordinary sleepy little fishing village. For the welfare of shark hunters of this village, an association namely, Association of Deep-Sea Going Artisanal Fishermen is working at Thoothoor.
The features mentioned in this article is
about Thoothoor village alone.
Kanyakumari District was part of erstwhile
Travancore State. Travancore State was later
merged on 1st November 1956 to form the
new Kerala State. Only Kanyakumari District
was merged with Tamil Nadu after a long
Albaris J. Dr. Mukkuvas: A Historical
Study, Kadalora Makkal Sangam Silver
Jubilee Souvenir, Thoothoor, 1992, p.4.
Padroado was the right of spiritual jurisdiction
granted by the Pope to the King of Portugal.
This Padroado right was abolished in 1975.
Agur, C.M. Church History of Travancore,
Madras, 1963, p. 232.
Albaris. J. Dr. The Mukkuvas Through
the Ages, Journal of South Indian
History Congress, XXI Session, Madurai,
18th to 20th January 2001, pp. 80-84.
Kumar, K.G. Thoothoor: The Heady Hunt
for Sharks, Business India, 31st January
to 13th February 1994, p. 241.
S. Factors that determine the Income of
Fishermen: A Case Study of Thoothoor Village
in Kanyakumari District [Unpublished M.Phil.
Dissertation], Madurai Kamaraj University,
June 2000, pp.17-18.
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Comment/Feedback on this Article
Gud website to know d Flash News & Things happening in d Native for who Staying away from Native...
Very excited to read the article about history of Thoothoor. You can also visit our Website Online Kanyakumari
to know the complete information of our Kanyakumari District. Thank You.
our village is like kutti america i am proud to born in thoothoor semma history paaaah wonder ful place plzzzzzzzz visit viewers...
Excellent article about the History of Thoothoor. Really liked very much. For more history on Kanyakumari and Travancore, Please visit:
Sr.Shyra P, Ernakulam[4-9-2015:21.48.12(IST)]
I wish all the people of village
A HAPPY FEST OF OF OUR DEAR MOTHER MARY
MAY GOD BLESS YOU AND GRANT ALL YOUR HEARTS DESIRES. I AM SO PROUD OF MY VILLAGE THOOTHOOR.
you have done the good job and we come know the history of our village
I like this place and history
Wonder area my villages it has villages road this damage please help me friends
This article is good. Congratulations Albaris sir
Feel good and excited to read the history
FRANCIS CRUZE.A, THOOTHOOR(MDU)[16-12-2014:23.3.12(IST)]
CONGRATS.WRITE MORE (DEEPLY) WITH EVIDENCE.THANK YOU
Leo Johny, Thoothoor[14-12-2014:12.11.54(IST)]
It’s really a commendable job; I appreciate the effort made by the author. It’s very interesting to learn the history of our own village in a lucid language.
Knowing history will definitely give an idea to solve the present and future problems.
Once again thank you very much for sharing such a valuable history.
Small request, it (this history) should be preserved in some format for future reference
perpectual felishia, chinnathurai[13-12-2014:18.19.27(IST)]
Very interesting history... nice to read..but try to remove the above line from this article..
Leon Pankiras, Bahrain[6-2-2014:15.35.36(IST)]
Thoothoor is a known place for me, used to travel while I was studying in St.Jude's College, Thoothoor between 1983 till 1986. It is nice place, people are of qualified, very professional in Fishing, working abroad. Friends and relatives are there in Thoothoor.
i want know about the total number houses in thoothoor
good to know the history
Damin Johny, Chennai[11-4-2013:13.23.58(IST)]
very nice history... Greeting to the author....
thoothoor always rockz..............!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
the sons of this soil are doing wonders,so wat about daughter's of this soil
Thank you very much for the deleting those controversial lines based on the objections raised by friends.
Admin - www.thoothoor.com.[14-8-2011:12.49.27(IST)]
Based on the above requests, the line concerned is removed. Thanks for the raising the matter.
Edwin Jerome, Chennai[13-8-2011:23.51.39(IST)]
the comment of wellwisher can be considered
I hope the line mention as all the five villages are called as Thoothoor ,can be Changed as 'all the five villages are commonly KNOWN as Thoothoor'
I dont know much about Our History, Please discuss with Research Team and Dr.Albaris
Dr. Albaris is hereby asked to remove the above line from your article, as objected by Anto of Chinnathurai and subsequently supported by Guest, EP Thurai.
Guest, EP Thurai[13-8-2011:21.2.3(IST)]
Plz remove the above line from this article.
Nice to read it. But I have a very strong objection to the statement - ALL THE FIVE VILLAGES ARE COMMONLY CALLED THOOTHOOR.
Maria Jerin.V, Neerodi[13-8-2011:15.11.30(IST)]
I WISHES ADVANCE 64_th INDEPENCE DAY *J-A-I--H-I-N-D*
nice, wish u all the best for the people those who are liveing in the thhthoor
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